Half South Asia’s girls marry before 18: UN

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NEW DELHI: Nearly half of all girls in South Asia marry before they turn 18, according to a United Nations (UN) report that lays bare what it calls “glaring inequalities”.

The report, published by the UN children’s agency UNICEF on Thursday (Sep 11), also revealed that more than a million newborn babies still die every year in the region, often due to inadequate healthcare.

“South Asia continues to be one of the riskiest places in the world to become pregnant or give birth, with the second highest number of maternal deaths worldwide,” said Karin Hulshof, regional director for UNICEF in South Asia. “Far too many children get married, and far too many girls are never born.”

Sex selection – where parents choose to terminate a pregnancy if they discover their unborn child is a girl – remains prevalent in parts of South Asia, and particularly in India, UNICEF said. “Gender-biased sex selection favouring boys is a manifestation of deeply embedded social, economic, cultural and political factors that discriminate against women and girls,” said the report, adding such practices could lead to girls being trafficked for sex or forcibly married.

One in five girls are married before the age of 15, giving the region the highest rates of child marriage in the world, the report said. In Bangladesh, which has the highest rate in the region, two out of every three girls marry before they reach adulthood, putting them at risk of sexual exploitation and domestic violence.

The report also highlighted the impact of chronic malnutrition on children in South Asia, with nearly 40 per cent of all under-fives suffering from stunted growth. Rates of stunting – a condition that causes lasting damage and kills around a million children every year worldwide – have fallen from around 60 per cent in 1990 to just under 40 per cent today. But there are significant regional disparities, and nearly half of all Indian under-fives – over 60 million children – have stunted growth.

The report, released to mark the 25th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, said the last quarter-century had seen significant improvements in the lives of children in all eight countries of South Asia – Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. But it said persistent gender discrimination was undermining progress, while government spending on health, education and social protection remained far below that of other regions.

Governments need specific policy goals to end the cycle of poverty that passes from one generation to the next, said UNICEF. The agency also urged governments to work to end gender discrimination, saying it undermined the progress for girls and boys alike.

“Tackling it is critical to the region’s future,” it said.

- AFP

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Dumarka Soomaaliyeed oo noqday kuwa ugu quruxda badan qaarada Afrika

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Sida uu lagu daabacay shabakada starrfmoniline.com dumarka ku nool dalalka Somaliya,Djibouti iyo Ghana ayaa ah kuwa ugu quruxda badan wadamada qaarada Afrika.

Shabakadan ayaa qortay in haweenka Ghana ay noqdeen kuwa saddexaad ee ugu quruxda badan Afrika marka loo fiiriyo codbixin ay shabakadu samaysay taasoo haweenka Soomaaliyeed ay ugu sare mareen halka dalka Djibouti ay hablahoodu ka galeen kaalinta labaad, waxayna codbixintan u aqoonsatay haweenka Soomaaliyeed kuwa ugu quruxda badan qaarada Afrika.

Marka laga soo tago dalka Ghana oo kaalinta saddexaad galay ayaa waxa ay wadamada kale ay u kala hormareen sidan Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Morocco, Kenya, Kenya, Rwanda iyo Seychelles waxaana wadanka ugu hooseeya ee kaalinta 54aad uu noqday dalka Jamhuuriyada Bartamaha Afrika.

Inkastoo dalka CAR uu codbixintan ka galay kaalinta ugu hooseysa ayaa hase ahaatee waxaa ku jira tobanka dal ee ugu hooseeya dalalkaRepublic of Congo, 53; Swaziland, 52; Guinea Bissau, 51; Burkina Faso, 50; Equatorial Guinea, 49; Lesotho, 48; Malawi, 47; Chad, 46 iyo Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), 45.

Codbixintan ayaa waxaa laga sameeyay dad booqday bogga shabakada samaysay taasoo sawiro muujinaya haweenka qaarada Afrika lagu soo bandhigay iyadoo inta tiri ‘like’ ama ‘dislike’ ay ahayd tirada la tiriyay. Waxaana sida muuqata ugu badnaa haweenka dalka Soomaaliya dadka booqday ee gujiyay ‘like’.

Waxaana muuqata in codbixintan ay ka duwan tahay kuwo hore loo sameeyay oo dalka Soomaaliya uu mar walba ka gali jirey kaalinta ugu hooseysa sida dalka ugu musuqmaasuqa badan caalamka.

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Wasiirka haweenka iyo xuquuqul insaanka oo kulan la qaadatay jaaliyadda Soomaaliyeed ee Nairobi

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Wasiirka haweenka iyo xuquuqda aadanaha ee xukuumadda federaalka Soomaaliya, Khadiijo Maxamed Diiriye ayaa shalay gelinkii dambe magaalada Nairobi kulan kula qaadatay jaaliyadda Soomaaliyeed ee ku nool magaalada Nairobi.

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Kulanka oo qaatay saacado dhowr ah ayaa wasiirka waxa ay ku faah faahisay waxqabadka wasaaradda iyo kaalinta qurbo joogta uga aadan dib u dhiska dalka.

Ugu horeyn waxaa kulanka furtay, Drs Mina Xasan Maxamed oo ah xiriiriyaha wasaaradda haweenka iyo xuquuqda aadanaha, iyadoo ka sheekaysay ujeedka kulanka iyo mudada ay wasaaradan dhisantahay waxa ay qabatay.

Sidoo kale waxaa goobta ka hadlay, Luul Maxamed Sheekh oo ah wakiilka  wasaaradda haweenka iyo xuquuqul insaanka ee dhinaca qurbo joogta iyo qaxootiga iyo Baarliin Maxamed Cali oo ah la taliyaha dhinaca sharciyada ee wasaaradda oo iyaguna hadallo dardaaran ahaa ka jeediyay kulanka.

Wasiirka haweenka iyo xuquuqda aadanaha ee xukuumadda federaalka Soomaaliya, ahna xildhibaan ka tirsan baarlamaanka Soomaaliya, Khadiijo Maxamed Diiriye oo qudbad dhinacyo badan taabanaysa ka jeedisay madasha ayaa Soomaalida ku nool dibadaha ka dalbatay in ay dib ugu soo laabtaan dalkooda, kana shaqeeyaan horrumarkiisa.

Wasiirka ayaa haweenka Soomaaliyeed ka dalbadatay in ay ku dedaalaan xoojinta doorkooda ku aadan ka qeybqaadashada siyaasadda dalka.

Qaar kamid ah dadkii ka qeybgalay kulanka oo iyaguna qudbado ka jeediyay goobta ayaa soo dhoweeyay kulanka ay la qaateen wasiirka haweenka iyo xuquuqul insaanka ee Soomaaliya Khadiijo Maxamed Diiriye, waxayna hoosta ka xariiqeen in wasiir Khadiijo ah tahay wasiir ku dayasho mudan, maadama mudada kooban ee ay shaqeenayso ay la timid waxqabad muuqda.

 

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Human rights ,Bahrain extends custody of rights activist

  huhu       Maryam al-Khawaja has criticised Bahrain’s authorities for their response to Shia-led protests [Getty Images]

Maryam al-Khawaja, who campaigns against abuse in Gulf state, jailed for further 10 days despite UN expressing concerns.

Bahrain has postponed the trial of prominent human rights activist, Maryam al-Khawaja, and ordered that she remain in custody for an extra 10 days, despite the UN calling for her release.

Al-Khawaja was arrested as she arrived in the country on August 30, and charged with allegedly assaulting a lieutenant and a policewoman after she refused to hand over her phone during a search.

In a hearing on Saturday, Khawaja appeared in court with her arm in a sling, and denied the charge of assaulting police at Manama airport. She called the accusation “vindictive and fabricated”.

Her lawyer, Mohammed al-Jishi, told the AFP news agency, that the judge ordered Khawaja be kept in custody on that charge, and could face a maximum of two years in jail.

We urge the government to take immediate steps to release Ms Khawaja and all human rights defenders

Ravina Shamdasani,Spokeswoman for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights

Bahrain’s prosecution said that it was close to finalising its investigation.

It said witnesses reported Khawaja hitting police officers after “they asked her to hand in her mobile phone as per arrest procedures”.

Khawaja, the co-director of the Gulf Centre for Human Rights, returned to Bahrain to visit her jailed father, the prominent rights activist Abdulhadi al-Khawaja.

Her father is on hunger strike in protest against a life sentence he is serving in connection to 2011’s Shia-led anti-government protests.

Maryam al-Khawaja has been active in criticising Bahrain authorities from abroad and has regularly met US Congress members since giving evidence at a congressional hearing on Bahrain.

“Maryam is really being targeted because of her international advocacy work,” Brian Dooley, director of Human Rights First, told the AFP news agency.

On Friday, the UN called on Bahrain to release al-Khawaja and expressed concern about “ongoing violations” of freedom in the country.

Ravina Shamdasani, a spokeswoman for the UN high commissioner for human rights, said the agency was “seriously concerned” that Khawaja had been arrested.

“We urge the government to take immediate steps to release Ms Khawaja and all human rights defenders and individuals detained for the peaceful exercise of their rights,” she said in a statement.

Bahrain has experienced regular protests since 2011 led by Shia Muslims after similar unrest erupted in Egypt and Tunisia.

Shia make up the majority of Bahrain’s population. They complain of political and economic marginalisation, an accusation the government denies.

Source:
Agencies

 

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Gabadh Soomaaliyeed oo ku dhawaaqday inay u Taagantahay Madaxtinimada Soomaaliya ee 2016

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Warbaahinta dalka Finland maanta waxaa ay si gaar ah u hadal hayaan sheekadda ku saabsan haweeney Soomaaliyeed oo ku nool dalka Finland oo doonaysa inay Soomaaliya Madaxweyne ka noqoto  marka la gaaro sanadka 2016.

Fadumo Dayib oo Soomaaliya ka carartay sanadkii 1990 haddana cilmiga siyaasadda ka barata jaamacadda Harvard ayaa ku dhawaaqday inay doonayso inay Soomaaliya M/weyne ka noqoto oo ay isku soo sharaxdo doorashada dalka ka dhacaysa 2016.

Fadumo waxay sheegtay inay doonayso inay noqotay qofkii ugu horeeyay ere dumar ah oo qabta xilka madaxtinimada Soomaaliya waxaana ay intaa ku dartay inay aaminsantahay inay shaqadaas qaban karto, waxaana  ay intaa ku dartay inay isa soo sharixi doonto ayadoo aan soo marin hab beeleed.

“Waxaan doonayaa inaan noqdo Madaxweynaha Soomaaliya waxaana aaminsanahay in markaan ay tahay xilligii dumarka fursad la siin lahaa sababtoo ah dumarka hadda waxay hogaanka u hayaan hawsha guriga, dhaqaalaha wadanka iyo kala agaasinka hawsha guriga marka waaba ay qaban karaan shaqadaan oo kale” ayay tiri Fadumo Dayib oo la hadashay mid ka mid ah wargeysyada ugu afka dheer dalka Finland.

Haddii ay noqoto Madaxweynaha Soomaaliya waxay sii balan qaaday inay wax qabanayso shaqo la’aanta dhalinyarada, xoojinta doorka dumarka , kor u qaadista wax barashada iyo ka hor tagista xad gudubyada loo geysto dadka la takooro.

Sanadka soo socda ayay Fadumo sheegtay inay Soomaaliya soo aadayso si u bilowdo ol olaheeda ay doorashadda u bilowdo.

“Waxaa jira dad Soomaali iyo ajaanib iskugu jira oo ol olahayga qeyb ka ah dhamaantoodna waxay u shaqaynayaan sidii qof dumar ah uu M/weyne Soomaaliya uga mid noqon lahaa” ayay tiri Fadumo Dayib.

Sidoo kale haweeneydaan waxay sheegtay inay jiraan dad badan oo uga digaya inay xilkaan isku soo sharaxdo hase ahaatee waxaa ay intaa ku dartay inay ka go’antahay inay sii wado ololaheeda waxaana ay xustay inay ku rajo weyntahay inay Madaxweyne noqoto ayadoo aan hab beeleed lagu soo dooran.

Sanadka 2016 oo ah waqtiga uu ku egyahay xilliga dawladaan hadda shaqaysa ayaa waxaa la filayaa in dalka ay ka dhacdo  doorasho qof iyo cod ah  fadumo   waxay   doonisaa    inay   noqoto   role model  dumarka somaaliyeed    inkasta oo caqabado     badani horyaaliin

shaki kuma jiro in ay tahay gabadh  soomaaliyeed oo wax baratay    doonaysana inay  kasaarto    umada soomaaliyeed    maamul xumada  iyo       dawlad laanta   ,

waxay   sowora u rajaynisaa   mustaqbal fiican   faadumo  (Good lucky  )

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Finn aims to be first female president of Somalia

A Finn of Somali origin wants to run as a candidate in the Somali presidential election in 2016. Fadumo Dayib is currently studying public administration at Harvard, but she thinks that Somalia is now ready for a female president.

22Fadumo Dayib aims to become the first Somali woman to lead the country. Image: Yle

Fadumo Dayib moved to Finland in the 1990s to escape the civil war in Somalia. She’s now studying at Harvard but planning to return to Somalia—and she thinks she can make quite an impact on the country.

”I want to be Somalia’s president because I believe women have a chance to lead Somalia,” said Dayib. ”Women lead the country economically, manage family budgets and are very visible in society, but they have been kept out of politics. Somalia is now ready for a female president.”

In addition to improving the position of women in Somali society, Dayib’s campaign themes are fighting youth unemployment, protecting minorities and improving education.

”It’s shocking that we have a younger generation that hasn’t experienced anything but war,” said Dayib. ”They can’t even imagine any other kind of future than war and destruction.”

Dayib will go to Somalia next year, when her campaign officially gets off the ground.

”There are Somalis and foreigners from all over the world in my campaign team,” said Dayib. ”Many of them have come voluntarily to support me, which means that they’re of the opinion that a woman can become president of Somalia.”

Clans crucial in Somali elections

Dayib travels to Finland in December to discuss her plans with Somali communities based in Finland. She does not want her campaign to be clan-based, which has been the custom in previous Somali elections.

”In the past, clans have chosen Somalia’s president,” said Dayib. ”Now there’s a hope Somalia can have a democratic election. I hope that people will vote for candidates, not clans.”

Somali democrats hope the 2016 elections could be a watershed in the country’s politics. The ’Vision 2016’ conference hosted by incumbent president Hasan Sheikh Mohamud in 2013 urged Somali political parties to free themselves from clan affiliation, that the 2016 elections be free and fair, and that a new constitution be established before the vote.

That’s a tall order in a country like Somalia, where politicians are at constant risk of violent attacks.

”It’s very dangerous to be a politician or candidate in Somalia,” said Dayib. ”I’ve been warned many times that I could be killed if I run as a candidate.”

Dayib acknowledges that the risk of being killed is indeed high.

”But I’m not scared of dying,” said Dayib. ”We all have to go at some point. If I die because I am defending something that I strongly believe in, then that’s an honour.”

This story was edited on 4 September to correct Dayib’s area of study and her plans to meet Somali communities in Finland–and not the Somali Association, as originally stated.

Sources Yle

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UN: 120 million girls sexually abused

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About 120 million girls worldwide have been forced to have sex, according to a United Nations report.

It also found a fifth of murder victims globally are under 20, resulting in 95,000 deaths in 2012.

Drawing on data from 190 countries, the report from the UN children’s agency, UNICEF, notes that children around the world are routinely exposed to physical, sexual and emotional violence ranging from murder and forced sexual acts to bullying and abusive discipline.

The violence “cuts across boundaries of age, geography, religion, ethnicity and income brackets,” UNICEF executive director Anthony Lake said.

“It occurs in places where children should be safe, their homes, schools and communities. Increasingly, it happens over the Internet, and it’s perpetrated by family members and teachers, neighbours and strangers and other children.”

UNICEF found that murder is the leading cause of death among males between the ages of 10 and 19 in several countries in Central and South America, including Panama, Venezuela, El Salvador, Brazil, and Guatemala.

Nigeria, where the Boko Haram terrorist group abducted more than 200 schoolgirls in April and threatened to marry them off, had the largest number of young murder victims, with almost 13,000 deaths in 2012, followed by Brazil with about 11,000, the study found.

Among countries in Western Europe and North America, the United States has the highest child homicide rate, it said.

Sexual violence is widespread.

According to the report, about one in 10 girls around the world under 20, an estimated 120 million, have been forced into sex acts, and one in three married adolescent girls, about 84 million, have been victims of emotional, physical or sexual violence committed by their husbands or partners.

UNICEF said the prevalence of partner violence is 70% or higher in Congo

and Equatorial Guinea and approaches or exceeds 50% in Uganda, Tanzania and Zimbabwe.

In Switzerland, it said a 2009 study found 22% of girls and 8% of boys aged 15 to 17 had experienced at least one incident of sexual violence, most commonly stemming from interactions on the Internet.

The report showed the impact of violence on children has grown over the last decade and cited a number of reasons why the phenomenon remains largely ignored.

Violence against children in some countries is socially accepted, tacitly condoned or not seen as being abusive, UNICEF said.

Victims are too young or too vulnerable to report the crimes, the legal system cannot adequately respond, and child protection services are also scarce.

Susan Bissell, chief of the child protection unit at UNICEF, said “the horrific atrocities that children experience on a daily basis everywhere in the world” demonstrate the urgent need for all countries to put a spotlight on the problem.

Much of the violence against children is perpetrated by the people tasked with taking care of them.

On average, about six in 10 children worldwide, or almost 1 billion, between the ages of two and 14 are regularly subjected to physical punishment.

“We’re not talking about a little smack on the bottom,” Ms Bissell said. “We’re talking about a blunt instrument, and repeated.”

Only 39 countries worldwide protect children legally from corporal punishment, the report found. Often, the violence goes unreported.

One of the reasons for this is that violence seems normal. Nearly half of all girls worldwide, between 15 and 19, think a husband is sometimes justified in hitting or beating his wife, the report found.

According to UNICEF, slightly more than one-third of students between the ages of 13 and 15 worldwide are regularly bullied in school – and in Samoa, the proportion rises to three-quarters.

In Europe and North America, almost one-third of students aged 11 to 15 report bullying others – and in Latvia and Romania the number rose to nearly 60%.

A separate UNICEF report lays out six strategies to prevent and respond to violence against children. The steps include providing support for families and caregivers in hopes of reducing the risk of violence within the home.

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